Tabasco is a moderately hot variety of capsicum frutescens that is most well-known as the primary ingredient in a particular hot sauce. Tabasco is also a river in Mexico, from where the pepper originates. Tabasco peppers rate about 30,000-50,000 units on the Scoville scale and grow upright in high numbers on tall plants. The sauce is only about a third or less the heat of the pepper itself according to several estimates. So tabasco peppers are still quite spicy for most people. They are similar to many ornamental peppers. These short, tapered fruits decorate the plant with a variety of colors as they mature from green to yellow to orange and finally to red after about 80-90 days. Tabasco peppers are fleshy and juicy, which makes them great for fresh use. But that does not mean they cannot be dried and ground like cayenne.