In our effort to bring you the coolest unusual seeds, World seed Supply is proud to offer peanut seeds. You might not think of growing peanuts in your garden, but why not? Peanuts actually have more protein than other “nuts”, and they are a good source of fiber and vitamin E. Peanuts also contain resveratrol, which is the much-hyped compound found in red wine, blueberries, raspberries and grape seed extract. Containing roughly 50% oil, peanuts are also a good source of beneficial mono-unsaturated fats.
Peanuts are members of the legume family, meaning they are related to beans and are not a true nut. Peanuts are botanically identified as arachis hypogaea. The species name, hypogaea, means “underground”, which refers to the fact peanuts actually grow under the soil. Growing underground is somewhat unusual when compared to other legumes such as string bean or soy beans. When peanut plant flowers are fertilized, the ovary sends a shoot down into the soil where the peanuts form. Like other legumes, peanut plants actually have a symbiotic relationship with bacteria that release nitrogen into the soil, so planting peanuts in your garden can help boost the productivity of surrounding crops that enjoy elevated levels of nitrogen. This feature also makes peanuts a great plant for crop rotation. Peanut plants are annuals, meaning they will be grown and harvested in a single year. Peanut plants will reach about 12”-20”, and they typically require about 5 months of warm weather to mature fully. But peanuts can also be grown indoors in pots!
Growing Information: Peanut plants prefer a sandy loamy soil with a ph around 5.5-7. They germinate best when the soil temperatures are at a constant 68 degrees Fahrenheit or above. Soil temperatures below 68 degrees, or if the soil temperature is erratic, can have a significant effect on the germination rates. It is also important to mention that the soil temperature and air temperature are different. Measure the actual soil temperature for optimal results. You may be best starting these plants indoors if you want to get an early start on the season, or you can wait til the warmer months. You can raise plants indoors through to harvest if you desire. Peanuts require significant water for germination, but it is important that the water be well-draining because standing water can kill the seeds. Sow your peanut seeds at a depth of 1.5 inches with a spacing of 6 to 18 inches in rows 2 feet apart. Provide 1-2 inches of water weekly as your peanut plants grow. When your plants are a foot tall, mound the soil with a handful of compost around the base of the plant to keep it supported. When the peanuts are mature, the leaves will turn yellow and begin to wither, which occurs about 120 to 150 days from planting. Loosen the soil with a garden fork, then pull the plants up and shake the soil from the roots. If the peanuts are ripe, most of them will still remain attached to the roots. Check the pods to make sure the peanuts fill most of the pods. But still be sure to check the soil for any straggling peanuts. You must then hang the whole plants to dry for three to four weeks in a warm, dry location out of direct sunlight. After drying, the peanuts can be roasted at 350 degrees for about 15 minutes.
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